APPENDIX IV.

List of Seventy-six different Species of Fish at St. Helena.

Whale Mackarel Soldier Hog, 2 sorts
Ground Shark Stone-brass Bastard ditto Cod
Shovel-nose ditto Cunning Barracoota Devil
Dog ditto Flying Pyke Lather-coat
Mackarel ditto Trooper Sword Bream
Sun Green, 2 sorts Thrasher Snake
Albicore Old Wife Kingson Beard
Porpoise Silver Sand Spear Serpent
Bottle-nosed ditto Five-finger Rock ditto Flounder
White Conger Gurnet Trumpet Striped
Red ditto Mullets, 3 sorts Sole Parrot
Speckled ditto Bulls-eyes, 3 ditto Cat Eel, 2 sorts
Green ditto Jacks, 2 ditto Flying ditto Shrimp
Yellow-tail Cavally Pilot Sucking Turtle
Cavally Bonnetta Lanthorn Craw
Coal Dolphin Rock Stump       shell
Bastard ditto Pilot Bottle Long-legs   fish.

REMARKS.—Whales in great numbers generally appear in August, and remain about three months. If, during the period of their stay, a few expert fishermen were employed, a considerable number might be killed every year. The species which frequents St. Helena is, by the South Sea whalers, called the "Race-horse.'' They yield about five tons of oil.

Albacore, congers, cavally, mackarel, old-wives, bull's-eyes, Jacks, and soldiers, are most commonly taken and used. The coal-fish resembles a salmon both in shape and flavour ; but are very rare. The yellow-tail and dolphin, which are also scarce, are remarkably fat and delicious at St. Helena; although when taken at a distance from land they are insipid, and coarse. The shell-fish called stumps and long-legs, resemble the lobster in taste and colour. Turtle weighing from 3 to 500 pounds are frequently caught.

With so great a variety of fish, there is no doubt, that the establishment of a proper fishery would be of vast advantage to the island. Hitherto the only mode of fishing practised is with hook and line.



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